There is evidence to indicate that sliders (or rotators or carousels) are generally ineffective. Engagement with the second slide is precipitously low and engagement with the third slide is near negligible. Assuming visitors see it at all.
As an adaptation to information overload, web users have trained themselves to divert their attention away from areas that seem unimportant or look like advertising.
—Hoa Loranger, NNGroup
Although Loranger was summarizing a study about right-rail blindness, NNGroup has done previous examinations of sliders and found a similar effect. Notre Dame university also studied sliders on their home page and found only 1% of visitors interacted with it at all.
Finally, these interfaces often have usability concerns: microscopic control buttons, odd mobile/touch behavior, and the removal of visitors’ control.
There are many reasons that sliders have a perception of value and are chosen:
- They allow for high information density — many articles or calls to action can exist in the same place which will help to satisfy stakeholders with competing priorities. For visitors this may lead to decision paralysis and anxiety.
- Sliders provide editors with a feeling of control — the ability to sort and curate the slides — a way to tell visitors what is most important, second most important, and so forth. For visitors, the statistics are showing that they only engage with the first slide, maybe two, and very little at that. Editors are, in fact, picking the one item that visitors might see.
- Sliders are generally animated — some very distinctly animated — which injects a sense of motion and excitement into the page. For visitors it may animate faster than they can read or process the information, slow down their browser, it may look like advertising (and thus get skipped over), and it removes the user from being in control of their navigation (which violates usability heuristics).
Designing a Solution
Our recommendation is to reconsider sliders. Usually our recommended slider replacement (and often what we design on new sites) is a single featured/hero area or a designed arrangement of featured items. Grids are popular because they allow multiple items to be shown simultaneously which allows editors to create a holistic narrative or satisfy competing stakeholder interests. For example, an editor might curate multiple related news stories or display a feature from each section. In many instances, we pair the featured area with a bespoke curation interface designed specifically for that implementation. The result is a better experience for visitors and editors.
For example, on this site — 10up.com — our home page is designed as a curatable grid of images, text, and URLs that mimic the front-end of the website. Additionally, we have the capability to create many different grids and schedule their releases.
Of course audiences differ, so for many clients we recommend collecting baseline engagement metrics. This is fairly straightforward to implement in a platform such as Google Analytics. We’re looking to understand how, and how often people are engaging with sliders:
- When a slide is clicked and what position it was in.
- When the slider navigation (e.g. forward/backward arrows) are interacted with.
Using this information we can validate an investment in designing an alternative.